The Shakuhachi is an end-blown flute
tuned to a pentatonic (5-note) scale.
By various fingerings -- half-
and quarter-holings -- and by controlling the angle of mouthpiece
against the lip, all twelve tones of the western chromatic scale
can be produced.
The mouthpiece consists of an oblique blowing edge
whose design is unique in that it enables the player to control
the pitch produced by changing the angle at which the flute is being
This, in turn, produces a delicate change of intonation --
a swelling or bending of notes characteristic of the traditional